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On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

Author: ,

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Isbn 10: 022607417X

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 400

Number of Views: 982

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On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life presents Heinrich Meier’s confrontation with Rousseau’s Rêveries, the philosopher’s most beautiful and daring work, as well as his last and least understood. Bringing to bear more than thirty years of study of Rousseau, Meier unfolds his stunningly original interpretation in two parts. The first part of On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life approaches the Rêveries not as another autobiographical text in the tradition of the Confessions and the Dialogues, but as a reflection on the philosophic life and the distinctive happiness it provides. The second turns to a detailed analysis of a work referred to in the Rêveries, the “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar,” which triggered Rousseau’s political persecution when it was originally published as part of Émile. In his examination of this most controversial of Rousseau’s writings, which aims to lay the foundations for a successful nonphilosophic life, Meier brings to light the differences between natural religion as expressed by the Vicar and Rousseau’s natural theology. Together, the two reciprocally illuminating parts of this study provide an indispensable guide to Rousseau and to the understanding of the nature of the philosophic life. “[A] dense but precise and enthralling analysis.”—New Yorker


Rousseau, anticipateur-retardataire

Rousseau, anticipateur-retardataire

Rousseau, anticipateur-retardataire

Author: Josiane Boulad Ayoub,Jacques Aumètre,Paule Monique Vernes,Isabelle Schulte-Tenckhoff

Publisher: Presses Université Laval

Isbn 10: 9782763777139

Category: Education

Number of Pages: 344

Number of Views: 626

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Si Rousseau est anticipateur-retardataire, ce n'est pas au sens d'une temporalité mondaine et historique parce qu'il se situerait entre les Anciens et les Modernes, comme le pense Benjamin Constant, mais au sens où penseur de son temps, révélant ce qui travaille son présent et pourchassant sa propre identité dans un espace peuplé de regards et de miroirs déformant, il comprend que la pensée et l'identité se précèdent et se devancent elles-mêmes et qu'elles provoquent leur propre temporalité.


Le problème de l'homme chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Le problème de l'homme chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Le problème de l'homme chez Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Author: Nguyen Vinh-De

Publisher: PUQ

Isbn 10: 2760523101

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 278

Number of Views: 1707

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Étude faite selon trois perspectives différentes soit : celle du Discours sur l'Inégalité, de l'Émile et de la Profession de foi du vicaire savoyard. L'auteur montre un Jean-Jacques Rousseau fidèle aux principes de liberté et de bonté naturelle dont l'oeuvre ne se comprend que par son anthropologie. Un ouvrage s'adressant aux dixhuitiémistes et à ceux qui reconnaissent l'influence marquante de l'écrivain genevois.


Ethics and Justice. Éthique et justice

Ethics and Justice. Éthique et justice

Ethics and Justice. Éthique et justice

Author: Peter Kemp,Noriko Hashimoto

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

Isbn 10: 3643909381

Category: Judgment (Ethics)

Number of Pages: 284

Number of Views: 1229

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The main theme of volume 6 of Eco-ethica is "Ethics and Justice" which focuses on the idea of "justice" in a metaphysical, social, and personal sense. Justice is considered as a balance between opposite ambitions in interdependent persons, and as equity in legislation, but not as blind justice. Today it is valuable not only on the national, but also on the cosmopolitan level. Before it became personal justice, the idea of justice was considered metaphysical and social, both in European and Chinese culture. However, in modern times, it is often reduced to a moral duty without meta-ethical responsibility. The last section considers the importance of the philosophy of Paul Ricoeur (1913-2005) for clarifying the idea of justice. (Series: Eco-Ethica, Vol. 6) [Subject: Philosophy, Ethics]


Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung

Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung

Scepticism in the Eighteenth Century: Enlightenment, Lumières, Aufklärung

Author: Sébastien Charles,Plínio J. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Isbn 10: 9400748108

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 381

Number of Views: 1104

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The Age of Enlightenment has often been portrayed as a dogmatic period on account of the veritable worship of reason and progress that characterized Eighteenth Century thinkers. Even today the philosophes are considered to have been completely dominated in their thinking by an optimism that leads to dogmatism and ultimately rationalism. However, on closer inspection, such a conception seems untenable, not only after careful study of the impact of scepticism on numerous intellectual domains in the period, but also as a result of a better understanding of the character of the Enlightenment. As Giorgio Tonelli has rightly observed: “the Enlightenment was indeed the Age of Reason but one of the main tasks assigned to reason in that age was to set its own boundaries.” Thus, given the growing number of works devoted to the scepticism of Enlightenment thinkers, historians of philosophy have become increasingly aware of the role played by scepticism in the Eighteenth Century, even in those places once thought to be most given to dogmatism, especially Germany. Nevertheless, the deficiencies of current studies of Enlightenment scepticism are undeniable. In taking up this question in particular, the present volume, which is entirely devoted to the scepticism of the Enlightenment in both its historical and geographical dimensions, seeks to provide readers with a revaluation of the alleged decline of scepticism. At the same time it attempts to resituate the Pyrrhonian heritage within its larger context and to recapture the fundamental issues at stake. The aim is to construct an alternative conception of Enlightenment philosophy, by means of philosophical modernity itself, whose initial stages can be found herein. ​


On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life

Author: Heinrich Meier

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Isbn 10: 022607417X

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 400

Number of Views: 1874

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On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life presents Heinrich Meier’s confrontation with Rousseau’s Rêveries, the philosopher’s most beautiful and daring work, as well as his last and least understood. Bringing to bear more than thirty years of study of Rousseau, Meier unfolds his stunningly original interpretation in two parts. The first part of On the Happiness of the Philosophic Life approaches the Rêveries not as another autobiographical text in the tradition of the Confessions and the Dialogues, but as a reflection on the philosophic life and the distinctive happiness it provides. The second turns to a detailed analysis of a work referred to in the Rêveries, the “Profession of Faith of the Savoyard Vicar,” which triggered Rousseau’s political persecution when it was originally published as part of Émile. In his examination of this most controversial of Rousseau’s writings, which aims to lay the foundations for a successful nonphilosophic life, Meier brings to light the differences between natural religion as expressed by the Vicar and Rousseau’s natural theology. Together, the two reciprocally illuminating parts of this study provide an indispensable guide to Rousseau and to the understanding of the nature of the philosophic life. “[A] dense but precise and enthralling analysis.”—New Yorker


Religion and French Literature

Religion and French Literature

Religion and French Literature

Author: Brill Academic Pub

Publisher: Rodopi

Isbn 10: 9789042002869

Category: Literary Criticism

Number of Pages: 219

Number of Views: 923


Rousseau and "L'Infame"

Rousseau and

Rousseau and "L'Infame"

Author: Ourida Mostefai,John T. Scott

Publisher: Rodopi

Isbn 10: 9042025050

Category: History

Number of Pages: 308

Number of Views: 1831

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Ecrasez l'infâme! Voltaire's rallying cry against fanaticism resonates with new force today. Nothing suggests the complex legacy of the Enlightenment more than the struggle of superstition, prejudice, and intolerance advocated by most of the Enlightenment philosophers, regardless of their ideological differences. The aim of this book is to undertake a reconsideration of the controversies surrounding the questions of religion, toleration, and fanaticism in the eighteenth century through an examination of Rousseau's dialogue with Voltaire. What come to light from this confrontation are two leading and at times competing world views and conceptions of the place of the engaged writer in society.


Rousseau and Hobbes

Rousseau and Hobbes

Rousseau and Hobbes

Author: Robin Douglass

Publisher: OUP Oxford

Isbn 10: 0191038032

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 240

Number of Views: 862

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Robin Douglass presents the first comprehensive study of Jean-Jacques Rousseau's engagement with Thomas Hobbes. He reconstructs the intellectual context of this engagement to reveal the deeply polemical character of Rousseau's critique of Hobbes and to show how Rousseau sought to expose that much modern natural law and doux commerce theory was, despite its protestations to the contrary, indebted to a Hobbesian account of human nature and the origins of society. Throughout the book Douglass explores the reasons why Rousseau both followed and departed from Hobbes in different places, while resisting the temptation to present him as either a straightforwardly Hobbesian or anti-Hobbesian thinker. On the one hand, Douglass reveals the extent to which Rousseau was occupied with problems of a fundamentally Hobbesian nature and the importance, to both thinkers, of appealing to the citizens' passions in order to secure political unity. On the other hand, Douglass argues that certain ideas at the heart of Rousseau's philosophy—free will and the natural goodness of man—were set out to distance him from positions associated with Hobbes. Douglass advances an original interpretation of Rousseau's political philosophy, emerging from this encounter with Hobbesian ideas, which focuses on the interrelated themes of nature, free will, and the passions. Douglass distances his interpretation from those who have read Rousseau as a proto-Kantian and instead argues that his vision of a well-ordered republic was based on cultivating man's naturally good passions to render the life of the virtuous citizen in accordance with nature.


Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Author: Michel Delon

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1135959986

Category: History

Number of Pages: 1512

Number of Views: 1812

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First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.


Sade’s Philosophical System in its Enlightenment Context

Sade’s Philosophical System in its Enlightenment Context

Sade’s Philosophical System in its Enlightenment Context

Author: Henry Martyn Lloyd

Publisher: Springer

Isbn 10: 3319971964

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 305

Number of Views: 1511

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This book connects the philosophy of the Marquis de Sade—one of the most notorious, iconic, and yet poorly-understood figures within the history of European thought—with the broader themes of the Enlightenment. Rather than seeing himself as a mere pornographer, Sade understood himself as continuing the progressive tradition of French Enlightenment philosophy. Sade aspired to be a philosophe. This book uses intellectual history and the history of philosophy to reconstruct Sade’s philosophical ‘system’ and its historical context. Within the period’s discourse of sensibility Sade draws on the philosophical and the literary to form a relatively sophisticated ‘system’ which he deploys to critically engage with the two major strands of eighteenth-century ethical theory: the moral sense and natural law traditions. This work is of interest to: ‘Continental’ Philosophy, Critical Theory, French Studies, the History of Eighteenth-Century Philosophy, Literary Studies, the History of Moral Philosophy, and Enlightenment Studies.


William Wordsworth and the Theology of Poverty

William Wordsworth and the Theology of Poverty

William Wordsworth and the Theology of Poverty

Author: Heidi J. Snow

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1134768133

Category: Literary Criticism

Number of Pages: 160

Number of Views: 1544

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Exploring the relationship between poverty and religion in William Wordsworth’s poetry, Heidi J. Snow challenges the traditional view that the poet’s early years were primarily irreligious. She argues that this idea, based on the equation of Christianity with Anglicanism, discounts the richly varied theological landscape of Wordsworth’s youth. Reading Wordsworth’s poetry in the context of the diversity of theological views represented in his milieu, Snow shows that poems like The Excursion reject Anglican orthodoxy in favor of a meld of Quaker, Methodist, and deist theologies. Rather than support a narrative of Wordsworth’s life as a journey from atheism to orthodoxy or even from radicalism to conservatism, therefore, Wordsworth’s body of work consistently makes a case for a sensitive approach to the problem of the poor that relies on a multifaceted theological perspective. To reconstruct the religious context in which Wordsworth wrote in its complexity, Snow makes extensive use of the materials in the record offices of the Lake District and the religious sermons and congregational records for the orthodox Anglican, evangelical Anglican, Methodist, and Quaker congregations. Snow’s depiction of the multiple religious traditions in the Lake District complicates our understanding of Wordsworth’s theological influences and his views on the poor.


Littéraire de Grimm: histoire, littérature et philosophie (1753-1790)

Littéraire de Grimm: histoire, littérature et philosophie (1753-1790)

Littéraire de Grimm: histoire, littérature et philosophie (1753-1790)

Author: Friedrich Melchior Grimm

Publisher: Good Press

Isbn 10:

Category: Fiction

Number of Pages: 285

Number of Views: 516

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"Littéraire de Grimm: histoire, littérature et philosophie (1753-1790)", de Friedrich Melchior Grimm. Publié par Good Press. Good Press publie un large éventail d'ouvrages, où sont inclus tous les genres littéraires. Les choix éditoriaux des éditions Good Press ne se limitent pas aux grands classiques, à la fiction et à la non-fiction littéraire. Ils englobent également les trésors, oubliés ou à découvrir, de la littérature mondiale. Nous publions les livres qu'il faut avoir lu. Chaque ouvrage publié par Good Press a été édité et mis en forme avec soin, afin d'optimiser le confort de lecture, sur liseuse ou tablette. Notre mission est d'élaborer des e-books faciles à utiliser, accessibles au plus grand nombre, dans un format numérique de qualité supérieure.


Early Deism in France

Early Deism in France

Early Deism in France

Author: C.J. Betts

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

Isbn 10: 9400961162

Category: History

Number of Pages: 309

Number of Views: 1223


Mythology in French Literature

Mythology in French Literature

Mythology in French Literature

Author: Phillip Crant

Publisher: Rodopi

Isbn 10: 9789051834628

Category: Literary Criticism

Number of Pages: 220

Number of Views: 1328


Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion

Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion

Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion

Author: Heinrich Meier

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

Isbn 10: 022627599X

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 224

Number of Views: 1351

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Heinrich Meier’s guiding insight in Political Philosophy and the Challenge of Revealed Religion is that philosophy must prove its right and its necessity in the face of the claim to truth and demand obedience of its most powerful opponent, revealed religion. Philosophy must rationally justify and politically defend its free and unreserved questioning, and, in doing so, turns decisively to political philosophy. In the first of three chapters, Meier determines four intertwined moments constituting the concept of political philosophy as an articulated and internally dynamic whole. The following two chapters develop the concept through the interpretation of two masterpieces of political philosophy that have occupied Meier’s attention for more than thirty years: Leo Strauss’s Thoughts on Machiavelli and Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Social Contract. Meier provides a detailed investigation of Thoughts on Machiavelli, with an appendix containing Strauss’s original manuscript headings for each of his paragraphs. Linking the problem of Socrates (the origin of political philosophy) with the problem of Machiavelli (the beginning of modern political philosophy), while placing between them the political and theological claims opposed to philosophy, Strauss’s most complex and controversial book proves to be, as Meier shows, the most astonishing treatise on the challenge of revealed religion. The final chapter, which offers a new interpretation of the Social Contract, demonstrates that Rousseau’s most famous work can be adequately understood only as a coherent political-philosophic response to theocracy in all its forms.


Religious Conversion

Religious Conversion

Religious Conversion

Author: Ira Katznelson,Miri Rubin

Publisher: Routledge

Isbn 10: 1317067002

Category: History

Number of Pages: 276

Number of Views: 1201

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Religious conversion - a shift in membership from one community of faith to another - can take diverse forms in radically different circumstances. As the essays in this volume demonstrate, conversion can be protracted or sudden, voluntary or coerced, small-scale or large. It may be the result of active missionary efforts, instrumental decisions, or intellectual or spiritual attraction to a different doctrine and practices. In order to investigate these multiple meanings, and how they may differ across time and space, this collection ranges far and wide across medieval and early modern Europe and beyond. From early Christian pilgrims to fifteenth-century Ethiopia; from the Islamisation of the eastern Mediterranean to Reformation Germany, the volume highlights salient features and key concepts that define religious conversion, particular the Jewish, Muslim and Christian experiences. By probing similarities and variations, continuities and fissures, the volume also extends the range of conversion to focus on matters less commonly examined, such as competition for the meaning of sacred space, changes to bodies, patterns of gender, and the ways conversion has been understood and narrated by actors and observers. In so doing, it promotes a layered approach that deepens inquiry by identifying and suggesting constellations of elements that both compose particular instances of conversion and help make systematic comparisons possible by indicating how to ask comparable questions of often vastly different situations.


Citoyen de deux mondes

Citoyen de deux mondes

Citoyen de deux mondes

Author: J. De Finance

Publisher: Gregorian Biblical BookShop

Isbn 10: 9788876522796

Category: Religion

Number of Pages: 320

Number of Views: 824


The Free Animal

The Free Animal

The Free Animal

Author: Lee MacLean

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

Isbn 10: 1442664266

Category: Philosophy

Number of Pages: 248

Number of Views: 772

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Free will is a key but contested concept in the work of Jean-Jacques Rousseau: while the famed philosopher is known to have asserted that free will distinguishes human beings from animals, several interpreters have argued that he merely pretends to have this belief for the sake of healthy politics and to avoid persecution by religious authorities. Through careful readings of key texts and letters, The Free Animal offers a new and original exploration of Rousseau’s views on free will, just in time for the 200th anniversary of his birth. Lee MacLean shows that Rousseau needs and uses the idea of human consciousness of free will to explain the development of morality, convention, and vice. MacLean bases her argument on a broad range of texts, from canonical works to Rousseau’s untranslated letters and drafts. Featuring careful analyses and an extensive engagement with the secondary literature, The Free Animal offers a novel interpretation of the changing nature and complexity of Rousseau’s intention.


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